Literary Devices

1- ALLEGORY

An allegory is a device used to represent and idea, principle or meaning, which can be presented in literary form, such as a poem or novel; or in a visual form such as a painting or drawing.

As a literary device, an allegory is defined as an “extended metaphor”, or “symbolic representation”. Very often an allegoric story or play illustrates an idea or moral principle in which objects take on symbolic meaning.

* Allegory in George Orwell’s Animal Farm

“One problem with allegories is in fact the difficulty of determining what counts as source and what as target. For instance, Animal Farm is a text about a farm, which may be taken as an explicit model for thinking about a more abstract, implicit target that has to do with totalitarian politics. Or is Animal Farm a text about a farm which, as an explicit target, is structured by our knowledge of a prior cultural text about totalitarian politics which acts as an implicit source? The fact that totalitarian politics is abstract and the farm is concrete favors the first analysis, but the fact that the global topic of the story of the text is the life at this farm favors the latter. It is precisely one of the distinguishing characteristics of allegory that the direction of the relation between the domains may be read in two ways.”

2- ALLITERATION

Alliteration is the repetition of the first syllables of a series of words and/ or phrases. Modern alliteration is predominantly consonantal.

Alliteration can be broken down into two groups:

A- Assonance

Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds.

Example of Assonance
Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geeks

B- Consonance
Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds by not vowel sounds.

Example:
Some mammals are clammy

3- ALLUSION
An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to, representation of a place, historical event, literary work, myth, or work of art. Allusions can be direct references or implications.

Example:
The girl’s love of sweet was her Achilles heel.

4- ANALOGY

An analogy is a comparison that is made between two things that are in some way/ ways similar. An analogy is often used to help explain something or make it easier to understand.

Example:
shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel.

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